What is gum disease?
Gum disease (periodontal disease) is a chronic, progressive disease that causes severe damage to your gums and the bone tissue that holds your teeth in place.
Gum disease is caused by bacteria that occur naturally in the mouth. These bacteria perform metabolic processes that form a film called plaque on the surface of teeth. If this plaque is not properly removed by good oral hygiene practices, it can harden into harmful tartar.
If tartar is allowed to form and stay on teeth, it can push the gum tissue away from around the tooth. This forms pockets around the tooth where further infection can occur.
In its earliest stages, gum disease can be treated and reversed with changes in oral hygiene habits and the addition of antimicrobial products. Once gum disease progresses past a certain stage, however, it is no longer reversible. With proper care and management, we can stop gum disease from further progression and treat any active infection.
It is important to seek treatment for gum disease because this chronic illness can have very serious health consequences if left untreated.
At Family Dentistry of Royal Oak, we take gum health very seriously and offer a comprehensive gum disease prevention and treatment program.